Sharing and building proposals
Incidence Tables are a place to encourage debate and dialogue by using participative methodologies, where issues related to entrepreneurship and social innovation for promotion of youth employment will be addressed. In these tables, ideas and proposals that can move the political agenda will be generated. Incidence Tables have been developed in four regions: the Basque Country, Catalonia, Madrid and Valencia between the months of November and December 2014
Participants in these tables are representatives of government, third sector organizations,
representatives of academic sector and representatives of political parties.
Which issues have we discussed?
Estas son las temáticas clave que abordamos, enmarcados en las prioridades de la red Creactiva:
The purpose of these tables and Social Advocacy was to discuss, share and suggest ideas about the ways of raising the awareness about social Entrepreneurship and Social Innovation in the current context in order to optimize results and effects towards the citizens.
CONCLUSIONS OF THE POLITICAL AND SOCIAL INCIDENCE
Many proposals intended to be included in the public agency, which undoubtedly represent the general feeling of social partners have been the results of these four Incidence Tables, held in San Sebastian, Barcelona, Madrid and Valencia. We are sharing the main proposals here, a summary that captures the essence of the topics discussed and proposals which raised from it. We hope they will be present in Public agenda.
Simplifying administrative procedures for the institutions that are promoting social innovation, by showing its transparency and confidence.
Throughout the twentieth century the operation of enterprises and administrations has been governed by a bureaucratic system in which decisions went through a hierarchical way and the procedures were dominated by routine.
While the bureaucracy has been an important constituent of industrial societies, the acceleration of time that has brought the emergence of technological society has become an obsolete dynamics. Social innovation precisely comes soon at odds with the bureaucratic vertical because effective implementation requires both flexibility and horizontality. Moreover, the trend towards administrative simplification also increases participation as it democratizes access to established procedures, synthesizes and also exposes them to evaluation. Change is essential in this regard, not only in the institutions promoting social innovation, which are paradigms for promoting this new logic, but extensively towards the administration in general.
Increasing commitment from public administration, incorporating social innovation in deploying measures such as cross member.
While it is true that social innovation is the result of a single action or a more or less small group of people, nothing prevents it from being organized and incorporated into the reality of the administration process. In fact, it is in the area of public policy where social innovations achieve greater scalability. The interconnection capacity of the Administration with the different social agents enables a prerequisite for the social innovation space, which is basically multidimensional. The new demographic challenges and the emergence of a changed social landscape require different procedures with different logics.
Aligning with European social policy innovation, taking advantage of community resources.
According to European Union, Social innovation is considered as a fundamental tool for the growth of triple dimension proposed by „Europe 2020“: smart (through more efficient investments in education, research and innovation), sustainable (thanks to strong momentum to a low carbon economy inclusive) and with the emphasis on job creation and poverty reductio). To achieve this the program for Employment and Social Innovation (EASI) has been deployed. It is a financing instrument to promote a high level of quality and sustainable jobs, ensuring social protection, the fight against social exclusion and poverty and improvement of working conditions; and secondly, the items involved in European Social Fund. While synchronization between countries is one of the great historical challenges of the new Europe, it is of greater importance that Spain follows the path of social innovation designed by the EU by taking advantage of these resources responsibly and effectively.
Ability to grant effective citizenship decision regarding the evaluation of public policies for social innovation.
Although measuring the social impact of an initiative must meet objective criteria, that is multiple instances of verified data, the effectiveness of a proposed final evaluation finds no better response provided by the population. It is, after all, democratization in decision-making, the choice of forms and the evaluation of results. No policy will have positive effects if opinions of the people , who are recipients and actors in the social sense of innovation are not taken into account. Therefore the development of mechanisms to deposit the evaluation of public policies is in the hands of the population. Effective procedures such as qualitative surveys or discussion forums are essential.
Promoting a critical inclusive, cooperative, democratic education and seeking solutions to things that do not function.
To change things it is necessary to be familiar with them. The disclosure of a critical spirit in all educational institutions is essential for people not only to learn how things function, but also to question them. This perspective, not always cultivated, must function in cooperative, democratic and inclusive spaces for learning, where collaboration fosters solidarity, the spirit of convergence and where prime interest is in the improvement of social reality. The change of mentality, which is built and configured from the classrooms, is only possible in plural and diverse areas.
Promoting participatory democracy by generating social collaboration bodies with decision-making.
The population calls for direct involvement in decisions taken by governments and administrations. Representative democracy does not seem to be enough, the total delegation of power, has been called into question in countless cases of structural corruption. Currently we are witnessing a general demand that is based on the democratization of the various aspects of society, as things, as we know them, are not working. The economy is not working. Politics, as we know, is not working. And many elements of our society, are not working. These three dimensions, which are a reality and we know, have been questioned over the last two hundred years, but has not been until now that the crisis seem to be occurring simultaneously in all. So that people are grouped together by mutual forces to refute certain situations. And this requires that bodies and social collaboration node decision makers.
Encouraging social and environmental responsibility criteria in procurement.
The commitment to social responsibility on the part of public authorities is related to the idea of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). As defined by the European Union in its Green Paper of 2001, CSR is "the voluntary integration, by enterprises, of social and environmental concerns in their business operations and in their interaction with their stakeholders." In the case of administrations, the values of transparency, independence and impartiality are enriched by the ethical commitment, participation, dialogue and respect for diversity and equal opportunities. Incorporation of social and environmental responsibility in the processes of public decision, is a scenario which has to be drawn to effective cooperation and communication among stakeholders (stakeholders), involving the defense of social rights, the commitment to combat discrimination, abuse and corruption.
Incorporating content on social innovation, both middle level and at university level, and promoting R & D in schools.
As set forth in the Fourth International Forum of University Innovation, held in 2012 in Puerto Rico, "there is agreement on the perception that innovation is absolutely necessary in the universities, we might even say that it is a condition of their survival." This is because that the way in which society is functioning depends on the links between universities and the economy. However, following this path, there is a risk of moving inevitably instrumentalized education fields that do not have a direct effect on economic development. Entering into social innovation in teaching plans revalue also means the study of social reality and its multiple facets. Innovation is not only new but introduces interest in neglected areas such as cultural development, civic education and the importance of social spirit.
Implementing measurement systems of social innovation as a way to quantify the impact.
Since long ago, the leading indicator for measuring the development of countries and organizations was based on economic performance. However, "to achieve a sustainable world, priority should be given to a more holistic approach that takes into account the social, environmental and economic consequences" as explained the opinion on measuring social impact of the Economic and Social Committee (CEPES) adopted in December 2013. The need to measure responds to the need to innovate. The dynamics of this type of action and coordination between different social agents, multiply the interest to know which results are offered by each initiative. Moreover, society is increasingly demanding to know what the effects of social activities and how they impact on people. In the field of social life, measurement has always been a concern. The plasticity of human actions hampers a quantified assessment, both scientific studies and applied policies. As for social innovation, insufficient statistics or existing comparative studies is added. However, as they have been multiplying the innovative initiatives, they have also been able to go adjusting increasingly assessment tools. In this regard, the measurement model RESINDEX for social innovation, developed by the Basque Country, is a good example of a system with rates adapted to the regional reality. The opinion of CEPES is argued; "the social impact assessment is to measure the effects and social impact generated by specific activities of social enterprises and not the company itself, but the intrinsic companies in the social economy structures contribute to generate added value. This is an ongoing process and integrated into the company's business, as well as an important tool for strategic planning."
Promoting the creation of the technical or technique in social entrepreneurship.
Social entrepreneurship can be a great tool for promoting social economy. The creation of the Technical and Technology in Social Entrepreneurship can contribute greatly to achieving this goal. Currently, this work is deposited with professionals from economics or another social science. However, the increasingly specific methodologies and learning dynamics are necessary for this proposal. Its responsibilities are accompanying institutions in the process of social entrepreneurship, technical and economic monitoring of entrepreneurial initiatives and training institutions in using specific tools.
Specifying a definition of social enterprise as a legal form, distinguishing it from other initiatives.
The social enterprise is one of the material forms that social entrepreneurship can have. The European Commission defined it in 2013 as a company with its own social economy "whose main objective is to achieve social impact rather than profit; which operates through the production of goods and services in an innovative way; which uses the profits to achieve those social objectives and is managed from social entrepreneurship transparently and in particular by involving workers, to customers and stakeholders in their activities. " However, the definition of social enterprise varies across Europe, given the numerous regulatory differences between countries. This imbalance has led to various proposals by the Commission to legally unify the concept, contemplating ways of European foundation or European Cooperative Society. In the case of Spain, the Social Economy Act includes several formulas, but it does not include explicit reference to the social enterprise or social entrepreneurshi. Hence arose in 2011 an initiative for establishing the limited partnership. The creation of a legal concept that includes social enterprise is essential, as it is done in other countries.
Establishing a favorable legal framework to remove barriers to social enterprise management and promoting various forms of financial support.
Social enterprises are agile and flexible and they require legal and administrative related responses, especially since working on "trial and error" and this dynamic can be blocked by excessive bureaucracy or administrative procedures. When making a separation with other initiatives, they will also adapt the administrative processes and forms of financing.
Promoting ethical banking as part of a participatory model of funding.
The new ways of understanding economic activity require new ways of understanding finance. The success of crowdfunding, for example, is an example of how people often prefer to join forces and take financial control to resort to traditional models. One of the vital elements in this new framework is the ethical banking, bringing together those banks that engage in an economy based on speculation and are not located outside of the secondary markets. The aim of its activity is the positive social impact.
Creating a network of sponsorship for newly emerging social enterprises.
Already constituted and established companies can support and guide newly established social enterprises. One way may be establishing a space within organizations dedicated to the promotion of new initiatives, which would, at the same time, be the introduction of a social innovation. The multiplication of this dynamic in different entities could form a network of impulse and promotion. This sponsorship can also be individually through the figure of ambassador, who comes from a company and eventually represents a newly emerging social enterprise.
Promoting social inclusion and stimulating entrepreneurial and social enterprises and entrepreneurs
Integrating the attitude and mentality of social entrepreneurship in businesses is possible through a double track. The first is to promote the social intraentrepreneurship, also called corporate social entrepreneurship. It is entrepreneurial activity carried out within organizations, which can lead to the development of innovative and new jobs for the company projects. The way of intraentrepreneurship is often complicated, since it must fight against an entrenched corporate culture and perhaps even obsolete. Therefore, it is in the companies where the responsibility lies, by enhancing this dynamic in their organizational processes. To do this, organizations need to establish formal structures for development and modify internal relations towards greater participation and creativity. The second is the incorporation of companies with already established entrepreneurs and social entrepreneurs, who would bring a different and enriching vision that would help organizations to be reoriented towards these new practices.
Development by the government of an itinerary for unemployed youth including specific organizations and entities.
Young people seeking employment are often unaware of the resources available and the places where they can go for information and guidance. More and more associations and entities are thinking about programs and methodologies to mitigate the serious problem of youth unemployment that is happening in Spain. Thus, it is essential to establish a map of organizations and entities working on youth unemployment in its various forms (youth at risk of exclusion, "Ninis" or young people with higher education in difficulties finding work) and convert a tool of public service. This strategy can facilitate the incorporation of young people into working life, foster synergies and joint efforts between different social agents and support the fabric of social institutions.
Facilitating the creation of public spaces for the development of social entrepreneurship projects and creating networks of exchange and support.
Social enterprises must find sufficient guidance and support in administration, by having dedicated spaces in which people can develop innovative ideas and be in a sort of "safe ecosystem." Connecting these spaces together could build an exchange network where different social entrepreneurship can enrich and even join. Although introduced programs to promote this exist in Spain , such as the National Strategy for Youth Entrepreneurship and Employment 2013-2016, there are still major improvements that have to be completed, as recommended by the European Council.
Promoting online forums for job search, connected to social enterprises and NGOs with young unemployed.
Social enterprises and NGOs have enough sources to make themselves known and present their resources effectively. There are many interesting projects unknown to many young people that are full of ideas. This connection should be enhanced. One way is by create online forums for job search that can be linked to social enterprises, social organizations and entities with unemployed youth.
Promoting comprehensive intervention programs at the local level through joint action of the population, associations and administration.
One of the features of social innovation is that, even if a global projection is implemented and developed on a local level, the construction of this dynamic of "bottom-up" needs different social sectors: Administration, as regulatory proposals; associations and social organizations, as knowledgeable of local realities; and the people themselves, ratings timing of different initiatives. Local planning is a key for identifying needs and ensuring their maximum impact. Such planning enables local governments to identify and prioritize investments based on the real demands of the people. In addition, it also promotes cooperation and social cohesion, strengthening community ties and influencing on people to take an active part in the problems that are affecting their direct environment.
Recognition of gaining experience in volunteer work in NGOs.
More and more people decide to offer their expertise to various associations and NGOs. Making direct contact with the social problems of the sector itself, offers a unique opportunity to enrich professional experience, while knowing the social reality. Moreover, the acquisition of skills and abilities on voluntary action improves the employability of young people. However, until now the recognition of this real qualification has relied on the judgment of the contracting companies, focussing mostly on pre-paid activity. Therefore, as well as all volunteer programs should have formal certification processes such as hours and activities, it is also essential that there is the part of the Administration recognition of this experience.
More flexible regulatory framework of associations promoting citizen participation.
Apart from being a human right, the association promotes democracy. Associations often serve as links between the state and the people because they provide perspectives of everyday reality that sometimes governments are unable to perceive. Enhancing social dialogue and participation of people in community affairs. They also promote efficiency and effectiveness in social actions because they diversify strategies and tools with which to act. In addition, partnerships are spaces of development and youth cooperation. In this sense, a new approach to youth policy that aims to go the participation of young people in the planning and evaluation of social projects that affect them is necessary. Conditions for participating have to exist for this involvement to take place.
Fostering communication between different social actors, strengthening ties between institutions and administration.
Synergy describes the phenomenon whereby various parts work together achieving a greater impact than if they had acted in isolation. In society, this is true when different social agents actively communicate and collaborate in solving problems. However, this has rarely been the case. Usually, decisions taken by governments on specific topics or fields arise from the suggestions of a small group of professionals and almost never the rich and plural discussion of the various actors in society. The "culture of synergy" is not only effective; it is also fair, because it promotes dialogue, participation and solidarity. In this regard, the role that is given to the social organizations must change and ties with the administration should be strengthened.
Supporting the dissemination and the intervention of organizations experienced in specific social problems.
The activity of social organizations has a long history. Many associations have been working for some time in addressing social problems. However, their efforts have not always found support in administrations. It is now, when we see the devastating effects of the economic crisis in society, the voice of various social organizations began to be heard. It is crucial to strengthen the role of social organizations in solving problems, considering them as essential social partners, enhancing and disseminating their work. The various state institutions cannot identify or address many of the problems in society because of their specificity or because they have a strong local character. This is where the work of social organizations should be recovered.